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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

A guy from Paris

by Dr Sarah Engledow, 2 October 2018

Self portrait
Self portrait, 1949 Louis Kahan AO. © Louis Kahan/Copyright Agency, 2023

Louis Kahan, born in Vienna to Ukrainian parents, was singularly talented at drawing as a boy and aimed to become an artist; but his father, certain he couldn’t make a living at it, forbade him to go to art school. Accordingly, Kahan trained in his family’s tailoring business, receiving his Diploma from the Tailors’ Guild in 1925. He was to make a living from art, though – albeit in a very different environment from the glittering cities of ideas, music, art, coffee and fashion in which he grew to manhood.

At twenty, Kahan left Vienna for Paris. For two years he worked for the couturier Paul Poiret, creating outfits for Josephine Baker and meeting Henri Matisse and Raoul Dufy. In 1939, he joined the Foreign Legion; in North Africa, he essentially worked as an artist and draftsman. Remaining in Oran after the armistice, from 1942 he made thousands of rather glamorous portraits of servicemen in French and American hospitals in North Africa, rendered at speed on air letters and signed ‘A Guy From Paris’. After the war he returned to Paris and worked as a draughtsman reporter for Le Figaro, drawing the Pétain trials.

In 1947 – by way of Hollywood, where he fell in with his old compatriot, Billy Wilder – Kahan decided to visit Australia, where his parents and sister were thriving tailors in Perth. He was invigorated by the city, where he held his first solo exhibition. ‘To see him draw gives the delight that any expert performance always yields’, wrote the critic for the West Australian. Late in life, he said he found it rewarding to settle in Australia because ‘you were able to contribute something … to the life here … I want to say this without any pretense but this is a country where you feel that you are in the middle of creating, um  – well I hate big words … if I exclude myself – civilisation, what can be called civilisation, in days to come.’

Soon after Kahan moved to Melbourne, in 1950, he made a thrilling series of austere portraits of writers for the journal Meanjin. He married Lily Isaac in 1955 and they spent four years abroad; Yehudi Menuhin got him an exhibition of portraits at the Festival Hall, and he worked in stage and costume design. He won the Archibald in 1962 with a startling portrait of Patrick White. Over the ensuing decades his portraits were hung in countless Melbourne homes and institutions. Kahan was able to return often to Paris and kept experimenting with art techniques and mediums until he died.

Eight of Louis Kahan’s drawings were amongst the first 26 portraits acquired by the Portrait Gallery in 1998. Many more have entered the collection since, most of them through the generosity of his widow Lily. The works comprise an expressive composite portrait of Australian public figures in the 1960s and 1970s. He often drew them at home as he watched them talking on television programs like This Day Tonight.

1 Rudy Komon, n.d. © Louis Kahan/Copyright Agency, 2022. 2 David Williamson, late 1970s. © Louis Kahan/Copyright Agency, 2023. Both Louis Kahan AO.

Rudy Komon MBE served with the Czech resistance before emigrating to Sydney, and, in 1958, converting a Woollahra wine shop into an art gallery. David Williamson AO, playwright, saw his earliest works premiere at experimental theatres in Melbourne at the beginning of the 1970s.

1 Paul Hasluck, n.d. © Louis Kahan/Copyright Agency, 2022. 2 Harold Holt, n.d. © Louis Kahan/Copyright Agency, 2023, Currently on display. Both Louis Kahan AO.

Sir Paul Meernaa Caedwalla Hasluck KG GCMG GCVO was not only governor-general, but a historian, poet and Liberal politician who held continual ministerial office from 1951 to 1969. Harold Holt CH PC served in parliament for 30 years before becoming prime minister in early 1966 and disappearing off the Victorian coast in late 1967.

1 Sir John Gorton, n.d. 2 Sir John McEwen, n.d. Both Louis Kahan AO. © Louis Kahan/Copyright Agency, 2022

John Gorton GCMG AC CH was prime minister from early 1968 to early 1971. Sir John McEwen CH GCMG led the Country Party from 1958 to 1971 and masterminded Australia’s postwar tariff protection. He preceded Gorton as prime minister for the 23 days after Holt vanished.

1 Sir William Dobell, n.d. © Louis Kahan/Copyright Agency, 2022. 2 Robert Hughes, 1962. © Louis Kahan/Copyright Agency, 2023. Both Louis Kahan AO.

Sir William Dobell OBE painted five or six pictures ‘that can accurately be described as a masterpiece’, according to Robert Hughes AO, severe critic, historian and biographer, who wrote on art for Time magazine from the 1970s.

1 Charles Lloyd Jones, n.d. © Louis Kahan/Copyright Agency, 2023. 2 Peter Hall, n.d. © Louis Kahan/Copyright Agency, 2022. Both Louis Kahan AO.

Sir Charles Lloyd Jones, chairman of David Jones Limited from 1920 to 1958 and first chair of the Australian Broadcasting Commission, was a major arts patron. Architect Peter Hall completed the Sydney Opera House after Dane Jørn Utzon resigned and left Australia in 1966.

Austrian-born conductor and composer Henry Krips won the 1951 Commonwealth Jubilee competition for a new national song with ‘Land of Mine’, but it was passed over for the new anthem in 1984.

Related people

Louis Kahan AO

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

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