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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

Eleanor Dark

c. 1935 (printed 1940)
Max Dupain OBE

gelatin silver photograph on paper (sheet: 31.7 cm x 27.0 cm, image: 30.2 cm x 23.5 cm)

Eleanor Dark AO (1901–1985), writer, was born and educated in Sydney but moved to the Blue Mountains after she married in 1922. Born Eleanor ‘Pixie’ O’Reilly, she began her career as an author writing poems and stories for journals including the The Home and the Bulletin. It took her nine years to secure a publisher for her first novel, Slow Dawning, which was released in 1932. For her next two, Prelude to Christopher (1934) and Return to Coolami (1936), she was awarded gold medals of the Australian Literature Society. Over the next twenty years, financially supported by her doctor husband Eric, she produced nine more novels, culminating in The Timeless Land, Storm of Time and No Barrier (1941–1953), a historical trilogy exploring the process of white settlement in Australia between 1788 and 1814. The Timeless Land, central characters of which included Bennelong and Barangaroo, became the Book of the Month selection on its US publication, was endorsed in the Times Literary Supplement and was a set text on the school syllabus in Victoria and New South Wales for some years. In the late 1940s, the Darks’ left-wing sympathies brought suspicion upon them; they began to spend their winters in Queensland, where she wrote Lantana Lane, published in 1959. However, she spent her last decades in Katoomba, and is buried at Blackheath. ‘You see the shadow of a place’, she wrote. ‘What place is it? How can you know until you write it down? How can you write it down until you know? This is the burden of the writer’s art, to hold himself, poised, receptive, while words and emotions flow together in him and fuse.’ Varuna, her Blue Mountains home, now operates as a writers’ centre associated with the Eleanor Dark Foundation.

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased with funds provided by Timothy Fairfax AC 2003

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. Works of art from the collection are reproduced as per the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). The use of images of works from the collection may be restricted under the Act. Requests for a reproduction of a work of art can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

Artist and subject

Max Dupain OBE (age 24 in 1935)

Eleanor Dark AO (age 34 in 1935)

Supported by

Tim Fairfax AC (53 portraits supported)

Related information

The Companion

Permanent collection catalogue

Café and shop

On one level The Companion talks about the most famous and frontline Australians, but on another it tells us about ourselves: who we read, who we watch, who we listen to, who we cheer for, who we aspire to be, and who we'll never forget. The Companion is available to buy online and in the Portrait Gallery Store.

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

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The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. The use of images of works of art reproduced on this website and all other content may be restricted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). Requests for a reproduction of a work of art or other content can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

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