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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool

1827
Charles Turner (engraver) after Sir Thomas Lawrence

mezzotint on paper (sheet: 56.0 cm x 40.5 cm, image: 44.0 cm x 34.8 cm)

Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl Liverpool, Lord Hawkesbury (1770–1828), statesman, was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1812 to 1827. The son of a close adviser of George III’s, Jenkinson was 20 years old when first elected to the House of Commons. He assumed the title Lord Hawkesbury in 1796 and in 1803 was elevated to the House of Lords. In 1809 he inherited the title Earl of Liverpool. Before becoming prime minister, he served as foreign secretary, home secretary and secretary of state for war and the colonies, during which period, in 1810, the Sydney area of Liverpool was named for him. (The Hawkesbury River had been named after his father, Baron Hawkesbury, by Governor Phillip in 1789). During his prime ministership, in 1819, soldiers fired on demonstrators in the English city of Manchester, killing eleven and wounding many more. After this ‘Peterloo massacre’, Liverpool announced hardline measures. In 1820, the so-called Cato Street conspirators planned the murder of the prime minister and his entire cabinet; but they were foiled. Five were hanged and then decapitated; five were transported.

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2015

Artist and subject

Sir Thomas Lawrence (age 58 in 1827)

Charles Turner (age 53 in 1827)

Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool (age 57 in 1827)

Subject professions

Government and leadership

Related information

The Companion

Permanent collection catalogue

Café and shop

On one level The Companion talks about the most famous and frontline Australians, but on another it tells us about ourselves: who we read, who we watch, who we listen to, who we cheer for, who we aspire to be, and who we'll never forget. The Companion is available to buy online and in the Portrait Gallery Store.

Caroline Amelia Elizabeth
of Brunswick, 1804
Caroline Amelia Elizabeth
of Brunswick, 1804
Caroline Amelia Elizabeth
of Brunswick, 1804
Caroline Amelia Elizabeth
of Brunswick, 1804

Around the grounds

Magazine article by Dr Anne Sanders, 2010

Anne Sanders writes about the exhibitions Victoria & Albert: Art & Love on display at the Queen's Gallery, Buckingham Palace and the retrospective of Sir Thomas Lawrence at the National Portrait Gallery, London.

The National Portrait Gallery building front entrance
The National Portrait Gallery building front entrance
The National Portrait Gallery building front entrance
The National Portrait Gallery building front entrance

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

The National Portrait Gallery is an Australian Government Agency