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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Gerard Smith, Governor of Western Australia

c. 1890
an unknown artist

albumen silver photograph on cabinet card (mount: 15.8 cm x 10.8 cm, image: 13.8 cm x 10.3 cm)

Sir Gerard Smith (1839-1920), governor, was educated at Eton before purchasing a commission as an ensign and lieutenant in the Scots Fusilier Regiment of Foot Guards, with whom he served in Canada in 1863-1864. Retiring from the army as lieutenant-colonel in 1874, he became a partner in his family’s banking firm. He was high sheriff of Hull in 1880, and a Liberal member of the House of Commons for High Wycombe in 1883-1885. During the latter period he is said to have been groom-in-waiting to Queen Victoria. Appointed KCMG, in October 1895 he was named as governor of Western Australia. He arrived in Western Australia a few months later, at the beginning of the Coolgardie and Kalgoorlie gold booms. He was not expected to take an active part in local politics unless there was a conflict or deadlock; as it was, the colony was under the firm control of Sir John Forrest, premier and treasurer. Although Smith’s duties were mainly social and ceremonial, he alienated Perth’s Catholic community by holding Masonic functions in Government House and laying foundation stones of public charitable institutions with Masonic rites; he was the first grand master of the Sovereign Grand Lodge in Western Australia. In a visit to Sydney in 1896 he talked about the discoveries waiting to be made in Western Australia that would startle the world; for example, it had ‘miles upon miles’ of jarrah forests, timber from which was already being used in England for street paving and railways. Imprudently, however, he invested in mining and speculated elsewhere, erring in his choice of business partners. After various successful legal proceedings against him - which were publicised - and debates in the local parliament about his ‘puffing’ of mining companies, he was invited to return home on never-ending leave. He left Perth in May 1900. His tenure had undermined Western Australian affairs in England and by Federation in 1901 there was no governor in place in Perth. On his return to England, Smith was director of several investment concerns and of a Brazilian railway company.

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2015

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. Works of art from the collection are reproduced as per the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). The use of images of works from the collection may be restricted under the Act. Requests for a reproduction of a work of art can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

Artist and subject

Sir Gerard Smith (age 51 in 1890)

Subject professions

Government and leadership

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

This website comprises and contains copyrighted materials and works. Copyright in all materials and/or works comprising or contained within this website remains with the National Portrait Gallery and other copyright owners as specified.

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. The use of images of works of art reproduced on this website and all other content may be restricted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). Requests for a reproduction of a work of art or other content can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

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