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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

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Thomas Joseph Carr, Catholic Archbishop of Melbourne

c. 1887
Johnstone O'Shannessy & Co

albumen silver photograph on cabinet card (mount: 16.4 cm x 10.8 cm, image: 15.0 cm x 10.1 cm)

Thomas Joseph Carr (1839–1917) was the second Catholic archbishop of Melbourne, the successor to James Alipius Goold. Carr was educated in his native Ireland, studying at Maynooth before being ordained priest in 1866. Returning to Maynooth in 1874, he taught dogmatic theology and became vice-president of the college. In 1885 he was appointed to Melbourne, his appointment delighting Sydney-based Cardinal Moran, who thenceforth consulted him constantly. During a period of rapid growth in post-goldrush Melbourne, Carr oversaw the construction of many new churches, convents and schools and the importation of much-needed priests and nuns. By the time he died, some 50 000 Victorian children were in Catholic schools. Carr laid the foundation stone of Newman College at the University of Melbourne, which later developed under his successor, Daniel Mannix. Convivial and urbane, an ‘excellent shot, card-player and clubman’, he had friends of all kinds including the Earl of Hopetoun and Tom Roberts; he attended the opening of Parliament in 1901. It was during his archiepiscopate, in 1897, that St Patrick’s Cathedral was completed. Carr founded the journals Austral Light and Tribune and, in 1904, the Australian Catholic Truth Society. John Molony wrote that Carr’s ‘obesity became the outward sign of a spirit at peace with all its surroundings’. In 1913 Mannix became his coadjutor; Carr was happy to let the younger man stretch himself, and indeed within a few years Mannix was nemesis of Prime Minister Billy Hughes. When Carr died, Hughes paid tribute to his efforts to promote peace throughout the community. Carr is buried in St Patrick’s.

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2015

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. Works of art from the collection are reproduced as per the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). The use of images of works from the collection may be restricted under the Act. Requests for a reproduction of a work of art can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

Artist and subject

Johnstone O'Shannessy & Co

Thomas Joseph Carr (age 48 in 1887)

Subject professions

Religion

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

This website comprises and contains copyrighted materials and works. Copyright in all materials and/or works comprising or contained within this website remains with the National Portrait Gallery and other copyright owners as specified.

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. The use of images of works of art reproduced on this website and all other content may be restricted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). Requests for a reproduction of a work of art or other content can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

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