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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

William Jackson Hooker

1851
Thomas Herbert Maguire

lithograph on paper (sheet: 59.5 cm x 44.0 cm, image: 29.0 cm x 24.0 cm)

William Jackson Hooker (1785–1865), botanist, was the first Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in which capacity he had significant influence on the study of Australian flora. Born and educated in Norwich, Hooker was encouraged in his study of natural history by his father, Joseph Hooker, an amateur gardener and botanist. He became acquainted with a number of prominent botanists, including Dawson Turner and Sir Joseph Banks, at whose suggestion he went on a field trip to Iceland in 1809. Hooker was elected to the Linnean Society of London in 1806; became a fellow of the Royal Society in 1812; and in 1820, on Banks’s recommendation, was appointed professor of botany at Glasgow University. Hooker published consistently throughout the 1820s and 1830s, writing books on subjects such as the flora of Britain, the Pacific and North America and establishing two botanical journals. In 1841, aged 57, he was appointed Director at Kew Gardens, and set about to revitalise them, sending plant collectors to every continent and corresponding with scientists worldwide. Under his direction – and later that of his second eldest son, Joseph Dalton Hooker – Kew developed a vast and significant collection for its herbarium, making Kew a focus for the study and classification of numerous species of Australian plants as well as those of many other nations.

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2013

Artist and subject

Thomas Herbert Maguire (age 30 in 1851)

William Jackson Hooker (age 66 in 1851)

Subject professions

Science and technology

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

The National Portrait Gallery is an Australian Government Agency