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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

The Gallery’s Acknowledgement of Country, and information on culturally sensitive and restricted content and the use of historic language in the collection can be found here.

Yango Mungo ye Yango of Bathurst's Plains

1824
Moses Griffith (engraver) after John Lewin

copper engraving, hand coloured on paper (sheet: 19.5 cm x 12.4 cm)

John William Lewin (1770–1819), Australia’s first free-settler professional artist, arrived in Sydney in 1800. During 1801 and 1802, he accompanied two expeditions – to the Hunter River and Tahiti – as an unofficial natural history artist. Granted 100 acres of land at Parramatta in 1804, Lewin continued to collect specimens, completed numerous drawings and, with the assistance of his wife Anna Maria, engraved the plates for his books Prodromus Entymology (1805) and Birds of New Holland (1808). Moving to Sydney in 1809, Lewin worked as a wine and spirits merchant while also producing views and natural history works for clients such as Governors King and Macquarie and their spouses. He was part of the entourage accompanying Macquarie’s journey to Bathurst in 1815, and in 1817–18 he completed drawings of specimens collected during John Oxley’s explorations. Lewin’s Birds of New South Wales (1813) is the first illustrated book and the first natural history book produced in Australia. He is also thought to have made the country’s first oil painting, Fish catch and Dawes Point, Sydney Harbour.

Yango Mungo ye Yango was a Wiradjuri man described as a ‘native chief’, who is thought to have been encountered by Lewin as the artist accompanied Macquarie across the Blue Mountains in 1815.

Purchased 2011

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

This website comprises and contains copyrighted materials and works. Copyright in all materials and/or works comprising or contained within this website remains with the National Portrait Gallery and other copyright owners as specified.

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. The use of images of works of art reproduced on this website and all other content may be restricted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). Requests for a reproduction of a work of art or other content can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

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