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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

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Miss Frances Samuel

1840
Maurice Felton

oil on canvas (frame: 120.5 cm x 101.0 cm, support: 91.5 cm x 71.0 cm)

Frances Samuel (1818–c. 1900) arrived in Sydney in 1832 with her widowed mother Lydia; younger brother Saul; and an uncle, Abraham Lyons. They had come to the colony on the recommendation of Frances’s other uncles, Samuel and Saul Lyons, both of whom had become prominent businessmen in the 1820s. Saul Lyons had come to Sydney a free settler; Samuel Lyons had arrived as a convict after receiving a life sentence for theft in 1814. By 1827, despite escapes from custody and other misdemeanours, Samuel had been given a ticket of leave and established himself as a merchant, money lender and auctioneer. Newspaper references to Frances indicate that she enjoyed a genteel existence here for several years before returning to England with her mother in March 1841. Frances married in London in September 1850 and gave birth to a son in 1851. Frances lost both her husband and son during the following decade: the 1861 England census recording her as remarried and residing in St Pancras with Lydia in a household warranting several servants. Letters to her nephew, Edward, written in the 1890s, show that Frances was living in Earl’s Court in her later years.

Maurice Felton (1803–1842), artist and doctor, travelled to Australia as the surgeon on an immigrant ship called the Royal Admiral which arrived in Sydney in September 1839. Although listed in July of the following year as one of the colony’s ‘duly qualified medical practitioners’, Felton appears to have been having more success as a painter. A few months after his arrival, The Australian was applauding Felton’s portraiture, declaring ‘for faithfulness of likeness and brilliancy of execution, they rival the productions of many of our best artists at home’. His work attracted the attention of arts patron and colonial businessman Alexander Brodie Spark, who in May 1840 commissioned Felton to paint a portrait of his wife. Spark also became one of the prominent citizens depicted by Felton over the next two years. In late 1841, Felton showed at his home in Hunter Street a number of portraits and ‘some beautiful views of the interior of the country’. This exhibition was a lottery whereby subscribers, for one pound, purchased the chance of owning an example of ‘Mr Felton’s talents in the delightful art of painting’. The exhibition appears also to have been a means by which Felton attempted to provide for the family he had relocated to Australia two years earlier. He died, aged thirty-nine, in March 1842.

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2011

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. Works of art from the collection are reproduced as per the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). The use of images of works from the collection may be restricted under the Act. Requests for a reproduction of a work of art can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

Artist and subject

Maurice Felton (age 37 in 1840)

Frances Samuel (age 22 in 1840)

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

This website comprises and contains copyrighted materials and works. Copyright in all materials and/or works comprising or contained within this website remains with the National Portrait Gallery and other copyright owners as specified.

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. The use of images of works of art reproduced on this website and all other content may be restricted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). Requests for a reproduction of a work of art or other content can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

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