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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

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Lieutenant King

1789
J. Wright and William Skelton (engraver)

engraving on paper (sheet: 29.1 cm x 22.3 cm, plate-mark: 20.5 cm x 13.1 cm, image: 9.1 cm x 7.4 cm)

Philip Gidley King (1758–1808), naval officer and governor, joined the navy in late 1770 and served in the East Indies and American waters. He was commissioned lieutenant in 1778. In the Ariadne he served under Arthur Phillip in the Channel Fleet. Three years later the pair sailed to India. King was paid off when peace prevailed, but when Phillip was named commander of the expedition to Botany Bay, he asked King to be his second lieutenant in the Sirius. When he transferred to the Supply, he took King with him, in the advance party; a couple of weeks after they arrived in Botany Bay, Phillip appointed King to establish a satellite settlement on Norfolk Island. Later, still backed by Phillip and also by Joseph Banks, King, by then elevated to the rank of post-captain, succeeded John Hunter as governor of New South Wales in early 1880. King’s son, Phillip Parker King, has been described as the first Australian-born person to succeed in the world outside the colonies.

This portrait was engraved as an illustration for Phillip’s The voyage of Governor Phillip to Botany Bay (1790).

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2010

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. Works of art from the collection are reproduced as per the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). The use of images of works from the collection may be restricted under the Act. Requests for a reproduction of a work of art can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

Artist and subject

J. Wright

William Skelton

Philip Gidley King (age 31 in 1789)

Subject professions

Government and leadership

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

This website comprises and contains copyrighted materials and works. Copyright in all materials and/or works comprising or contained within this website remains with the National Portrait Gallery and other copyright owners as specified.

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. The use of images of works of art reproduced on this website and all other content may be restricted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). Requests for a reproduction of a work of art or other content can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

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