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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

Nancy Bird Walton, c. 1973

Judy Cassab

oil on canvas (frame: 107.5 cm x 92.5 cm, support: 91.5 cm x 76.5 cm)

Nancy Bird Walton AO OBE (1915– 2009), aviatrix, decided she wanted to be a pilot when, at age eight, she saw a plane make an emergency landing on a beach near her home. ‘It was an old wartime First World War aeroplane’, she recalled, ‘and it seemed to have a magnetic attraction for me’. At seventeen, she went to Sydney to have flying lessons with Charles Kingsford Smith, paying for her helmet, leathers and goggles with the money she’d saved from working in her father’s general store. She obtained her commercial pilot’s licence in 1935 and was hired as the pilot for the Far West Children’s Health Scheme. Using a road map to navigate (there were no aviation maps available), she flew nurses and doctors to patients in remote areas. Certain male aviators declared that a woman would never last in such a role, yet Bird Walton flew this aerial ambulance service – first in north-west New South Wales and later in Queensland – without giving a thought to the perils of her work: ‘You learnt to fly an aeroplane and you went out and did a job’, she said. In 1938, the Dutch airline, KLM, invited her to Europe for promotional work and to study the aviation industry. She met Englishman, Charles Walton, on her return journey home. They married in Sydney in 1939 in a ceremony conducted by John Flynn, whose innovations led to the forming of the Royal Flying Doctor Service. During the war, she was a commandant in the Women’s Air Training Corps; and in 1950 she founded the Australian Women Pilots’ Association, which subsequently encouraged many to defy the notion that women were unsuited to careers in aviation. She was awarded an OBE in 1966, an AO in 1990, and named a National Living Treasure in 1997. Her 1990 autobiography, My God, It’s a woman!, took its title from one cattle station owner’s reaction to her diminutive, feminine frame emerging from the cockpit on landing on a remote airstrip. She died at her home in Sydney in January 2009, aged ninety-three.

Judy Cassab (b. 1920) was commissioned to paint a portrait of Nancy Bird Walton’s husband, Charles, in 1973. It was such a success, the couple commissioned this portrait, which was in Bird Walton’s possession until she donated it to the National Portrait Gallery in 2008.

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Gift of Nancy Bird Walton AO OBE 2008
Donated through the Australian Government's Cultural Gifts Program
© Judy Cassab/Copyright Agency, 2020

Accession number: 2008.9

Currently not on display

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Artist and subject

Judy Cassab (age 53 in 1973)

Nancy Bird Walton AO OBE (age 58 in 1973)

Subject professions

Business, trades and industry

Related information

The Companion

Permanent collection catalogue

Café and shop

On one level The Companion talks about the most famous and frontline Australians, but on another it tells us about ourselves: who we read, who we watch, who we listen to, who we cheer for, who we aspire to be, and who we'll never forget. The Companion is available to buy online and in the Portrait Gallery Store.

Self-portrait, 1962 by Judy Cassab
Self-portrait, 1962 by Judy Cassab
Self-portrait, 1962 by Judy Cassab
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Aimee Board traces Judy Cassab’s path to the Australian outback, arriving at the junction of inspiration and abstraction.

Nancy Bird Walton, c. 1938
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Nancy Bird Walton, c. 1938
Nancy Bird Walton, c. 1938

The aviatrix

Magazine article by Joanna Gilmour, 2009

Joanna Gilmour explores the extraordinary life of Australian female aviator Nancy Bird Walton AO OBE

Sir Frank Packer KBE, 1956 Judy Cassab
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Sir Frank Packer KBE, 1956 Judy Cassab
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Vintage Cassab

Magazine article by Dr Sarah Engledow, 2006

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© National Portrait Gallery 2020
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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.