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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

The Gallery’s Acknowledgement of Country, and information on culturally sensitive and restricted content and the use of historic language in the collection can be found here.

John Pascoe Fawkner

c. 1867
Batchelder & Co. Photo

albumen photograph on carte de visite (support: 10.5 cm x 6.3 cm)

John Pascoe Fawkner (1792–1869), sometimes called the ‘Founder of Melbourne’ was a pioneer and adventurer. The self-educated son of a convict, he spent his early years in Van Diemen’s Land, pursuing a variety of occupations from baker to builder to bush lawyer, often finding himself in trouble with the law largely because of debts but in 1814 for abetting an attempted escape by convicts. He launched the Launceston Advertiser in 1828 and edited it for the next two years, championing the emancipist class and attacking officialdom. In 1835 he organised an expedition to what is now Melbourne. Landing in Hobson’s Bay, Fawkner soon became a man of property and influence, acquired substantial lots of land, running a hotel and establishing the Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser. A member of the Legislative Council from its introduction in 1851 until his death, Fawkner railed in his Port Phillip Patriot against the privileged squattocracy and was known as ‘the tribune of the people’.

The Melbourne photographic firm Batchelder & Co. had originated from a business established on Collins Street in 1854 by Perez Mann Batchelder, a Boston-born daguerreotypist. Between 1857, when Perez Batchelder returned to the USA, and 1864 it traded as Batchelder & O’Neill – a partnership between Perez Batchelder’s brothers and another American, Daniel O’Neill. The studio was one of the first in Melbourne to offer cartes-de-visite and is said to have increased the format’s popularity by producing portraits of actors and other celebrities. By 1864 none of the Batchelders were involved in the original business. The Batchelder name, however, had become synonymous with photographic portraiture in Melbourne and when artists John Botterill, Frederick Dunn and John Wilson – having acquired ‘all the negatives and other portraits, the accumulation of over 11 years of Batchelder and O’Neill’s business’ – acquired the studio they continued to trade under it. During their management the studio was known as Batchelder’s Portrait Rooms and Batchelder & Co. The business changed hands again around 1880, but the Batchelder name was again retained until the studio’s eventual closure in the 1890s.

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2008

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. Works of art from the collection are reproduced as per the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). The use of images of works from the collection may be restricted under the Act. Requests for a reproduction of a work of art can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

Artist and subject

Batchelder & Co. Photo

John Pascoe Fawkner (age 75 in 1867)

Subject professions

Government and leadership

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

This website comprises and contains copyrighted materials and works. Copyright in all materials and/or works comprising or contained within this website remains with the National Portrait Gallery and other copyright owners as specified.

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. The use of images of works of art reproduced on this website and all other content may be restricted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). Requests for a reproduction of a work of art or other content can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

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