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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

Y-erran-gou-la-ga, 1807

Nicolas-Martin Petit after Barthélemy Roger

engraving, hand-coloured on paper (sheet: 34 cm x 25.6 cm, plate-mark: 32 cm x 24.5 cm)

Though named in this engraving as ‘Y-erran-gou-la-ga’, this sitter is identified in the drawing on which this print is based as ‘Mousqueda’ – Musquito to the British. There were two men known as Musquito in Sydney when Baudin’s expedition stopped there in 1802. The better-known Musquito (c. 1780–1825), a Guringai man, was Bulldog’s accomplice in the 1805 Hawkesbury River raids and was sent to Van Diemen’s Land having served his time for those offences. Though technically free after his arrival at Port Dalrymple in 1813, Musquito was prevented from making use of permission to return to Sydney, his proficiency in English and exceptional bush skills making him valuable as a tracker of ex-convict bushrangers. Despite Musquito’s role in the apprehension of various reprobates, including the notorious Michael Howe in 1818, the authorities again denied him leave to return home. Disaffected, Musquito joined members of the Oyster Bay nation in their retaliations against white violence. He was later caught and executed. Other historians, however, believe this Musquito not to be the subject of Petit’s portrait, positing that the work might be a depiction of the second Musquito – one of Bennelong’s associates – who died in Sydney in February 1806.

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased with funds provided by
Ross A Field 2008

Accession number: 2008.40

Currently not on display

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Artist and subject

Nicolas-Martin Petit

Barthélemy Roger (age 40 in 1807)

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.