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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

The Gallery’s Acknowledgement of Country, and information on culturally sensitive and restricted content and the use of historic language in the collection can be found here.

Bart Willoughby

c. 2000
Penny Tweedie

type C photograph on paper (frame: 53.6 cm x 63.5 cm, sight: 27.7 cm x 40.4 cm)

Bart Willoughby (b. 1960) is a Pitjantjantjara and Mirning singer/songwriter who is one of the Stolen Generations. Taken away from his family in Ceduna as a three year old, he spent most of his childhood in a children's home. Music was his escape. Known for his distinctive fusion of reggae with traditional Indigenous influences, Willoughby studied at the Centre for Aboriginal Studies in Music at the University of Adelaide where he met musicians Ricky Harrison, Leslie Lovegrove Freeman and John Miller. In 1978, they formed No Fixed Address, Australia's first Indigenous rock band, the first to sign a record deal, and the first to tour overseas. Their reggae rock hit 'We Have Survived' remains a classic protest song. In 1989 he was included in the Midnight Oil tour in America, drumming for Yothu Yindi and Native American musician John Trudell. After the tour he formed the band Mixed Relations. He received the inaugural Indigenous ARIA Australian Lifetime Achievement Award for his Outstanding Contribution to Indigenous Music in Australia in 1993. He currently fronts The Bart Willoughby Band.

Penny Tweedie spent a year travelling around Australia in 2000 photographing and interviewing successful young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, which resulted in her 2001 book Indigenous Australia: Standing Strong. She photographed Willoughby for this project in Brisbane.

Gift of the artist 2004
© Estate of Penny Tweedie

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. Works of art from the collection are reproduced as per the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). The use of images of works from the collection may be restricted under the Act. Requests for a reproduction of a work of art can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

Artist and subject

Penny Tweedie (age 60 in 2000)

Bart Willoughby (age 40 in 2000)

Subject professions

Performing arts

Donated by

Penny Tweedie (47 portraits)

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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

This website comprises and contains copyrighted materials and works. Copyright in all materials and/or works comprising or contained within this website remains with the National Portrait Gallery and other copyright owners as specified.

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. The use of images of works of art reproduced on this website and all other content may be restricted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). Requests for a reproduction of a work of art or other content can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

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