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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

In the most correct style

People like George Billett and his wife Jemima prove that there was much more to convict-era Tasmanian life than rusticity and privation, and that a hardened, ‘arse-end-of-the-world’ place could be ripe with opportunity.

You can’t choose your family, so in 1850s Australia there were plenty of people employing portraitists to help gloss over the ‘stain’ of convict parentage instead. Both of George Billett’s parents had been convicts, doing their time at Norfolk Island before relocating to Hobart to put their pasts behind them. In 1835, aged twenty-two, George married sixteen year-old Jemima Larsom, whose parents had also been convicts. The first of their twelve children was born in 1836; by the 1850s, they’d attained the status of prosperous, upstanding citizens. These pull-yourself-up-by-the-bootstraps folks were typical clients for the itinerant painter and erstwhile surgeon and convict Charles Henry Theodore Costantini. No matter that his portraits lacked physiognomic accuracy, no matter his dubious character; Costantini was a dab, delightful hand at the correct transcription of respectability and its trappings – costume, coiffures, accoutrements – making him the perfect choice for those families who had fashioned gentility from coarse or inauspicious beginnings.

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The National Portrait Gallery building front entrance
The National Portrait Gallery building front entrance
The National Portrait Gallery building front entrance
The National Portrait Gallery building front entrance

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King Edward Terrace, Parkes
Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia

Phone +61 2 6102 7000
Fax +61 2 6102 7001
ABN: 54 74 277 1196

The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders past and present. We respectfully advise that this site includes works by, images of, names of, voices of and references to deceased people.

This website comprises and contains copyrighted materials and works. Copyright in all materials and/or works comprising or contained within this website remains with the National Portrait Gallery and other copyright owners as specified.

The National Portrait Gallery respects the artistic and intellectual property rights of others. The use of images of works of art reproduced on this website and all other content may be restricted under the Australian Copyright Act 1968 (Cth). Requests for a reproduction of a work of art or other content can be made through a Reproduction request. For further information please contact NPG Copyright.

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