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The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.

Phrenology video: 3 minutes 25 seconds

Ned Kelly and death masks 'Judge a person by their cover'

Portrait story

Alexandra Roginski explains the history behind the pseudo-science of phrenology.

Ned Kelly the Bushranger (from The Australasian Sketcher, 7 August 1880) an unknown artist
Ned Kelly the Bushranger (from The Australasian Sketcher, 7 August 1880) an unknown artist
Ned Kelly the Bushranger (from The Australasian Sketcher, 7 August 1880) an unknown artist

Ned Kelly the Bushranger (from The Australasian Sketcher, 7 August 1880), 1880 an unknown artist

Portrait, wood engraving on paper

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2002

'Les Batteurs de Buisson en Australie - Une balle avait atteint le bandit au genou' Front cover of 'Journal des Voyages', 1884 depicting Ned Kelly Castelli, Perrychon
'Les Batteurs de Buisson en Australie - Une balle avait atteint le bandit au genou' Front cover of 'Journal des Voyages', 1884 depicting Ned Kelly Castelli, Perrychon
'Les Batteurs de Buisson en Australie - Une balle avait atteint le bandit au genou' Front cover of 'Journal des Voyages', 1884 depicting Ned Kelly Castelli, Perrychon

'Les Batteurs de Buisson en Australie - Une balle avait atteint le bandit au genou' Front cover of 'Journal des Voyages', 1884 depicting Ned Kelly, 1884 Castelli, Perrychon

Portrait, wood engraving on paper

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2012

Henry "Seaman" Dan, 2009 Nathan Kelly
Henry "Seaman" Dan, 2009 Nathan Kelly
Henry "Seaman" Dan, 2009 Nathan Kelly

Henry "Seaman" Dan, 2009 Nathan Kelly

Portrait, type C photograph on paper

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2010

Kelly Dixon, Tent Hill, Qld, 2004 John Elliott
Kelly Dixon, Tent Hill, Qld, 2004 John Elliott
Kelly Dixon, Tent Hill, Qld, 2004 John Elliott

Kelly Dixon, Tent Hill, Qld, 2004 John Elliott

Portrait, type C photograph on paper

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Gift of the artist 2005

Michael Kelly, 1998 Rick Amor
Michael Kelly, 1998 Rick Amor
Michael Kelly, 1998 Rick Amor

Michael Kelly, 1998 Rick Amor

Portrait, softground etching on paper

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Gift of the artist 2005
Donated through the Australian Government's Cultural Gifts Program

Kelly in the Guard's Van en route to Beechworth (from The Australasian Sketcher, 17 July 1880) Tom Carrington, The Australasian Sketcher
Kelly in the Guard's Van en route to Beechworth (from The Australasian Sketcher, 17 July 1880) Tom Carrington, The Australasian Sketcher
Kelly in the Guard's Van en route to Beechworth (from The Australasian Sketcher, 17 July 1880) Tom Carrington, The Australasian Sketcher

Kelly in the Guard's Van en route to Beechworth (from The Australasian Sketcher, 17 July 1880), 1880 Tom Carrington, The Australasian Sketcher

Portrait, wood-engraving

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2017

Ned Kelly, 1880 The Illustrated London News
Ned Kelly, 1880 The Illustrated London News
Ned Kelly, 1880 The Illustrated London News

Ned Kelly, 1880 The Illustrated London News

Portrait, wood engraving on paper

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2018

Ned Kelly's armour (from The Australasian Sketcher, 3 July 1880) Tom Carrington, The Australasian Sketcher
Ned Kelly's armour (from The Australasian Sketcher, 3 July 1880) Tom Carrington, The Australasian Sketcher
Ned Kelly's armour (from The Australasian Sketcher, 3 July 1880) Tom Carrington, The Australasian Sketcher

Ned Kelly's armour (from The Australasian Sketcher, 3 July 1880), 1880 Tom Carrington, The Australasian Sketcher

Portrait, wood-engraving

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2017

Ned Kelly death mask, date unknown an unknown artist after Maximilian Kreitmayer
Ned Kelly death mask, date unknown an unknown artist after Maximilian Kreitmayer
Ned Kelly death mask, date unknown an unknown artist after Maximilian Kreitmayer

Ned Kelly death mask, date unknown an unknown artist after Maximilian Kreitmayer

Portrait, cast plaster

Collection: National Portrait Gallery Study Collection, Canberra
Gift of John Molony 2018

Archbishop Michael Kelly, c. 1924 (cast 2010) Arthur Murch
Archbishop Michael Kelly, c. 1924 (cast 2010) Arthur Murch
Archbishop Michael Kelly, c. 1924 (cast 2010) Arthur Murch

Archbishop Michael Kelly, c. 1924 (cast 2010) Arthur Murch

Portrait, cast bronze on black granite plinth

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Purchased 2015

John Gorton, 1997 Nathan Kelly
John Gorton, 1997 Nathan Kelly
John Gorton, 1997 Nathan Kelly

John Gorton, 1997 Nathan Kelly

Portrait, gelatin silver photograph on paper

Collection: National Portrait Gallery
Gift of the artist 2002

Bee Miles, 1976 Roderick Shaw

Good, bad and the ugly

Magazine article by Michael Desmond, 2007

Michael Desmond explores what makes a portrait subject significant.

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© National Portrait Gallery 2021
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Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia

Phone +61 2 6102 7000
Fax +61 2 6102 7001
ABN: 54 74 277 1196

The National Portrait Gallery acknowledges the Traditional Custodians of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and to Elders both past and present.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander viewers are warned that this website contains images of deceased persons.